Dumas excels in exceeding expectations. From topping the state in retail sales growth and new business activity, to one of the lowest unemployment rates in the U.S., Dumas is a great place to experience. Dumas is growing, we’re prospering, and we’re having fun. Our list of accolades and notable achievements is long, but what it all means for you is that our community growth is due in part to our low cost, hassle-free, collaborative approach to doing business – and that makes it easy for you and your employees to locate operations here. Take a look at our general demographic information to learn more about our workforce region demographics and our community demographics.


2000 Population167,606
2010 Population176,263
2012 Population177,542
2017 Population181,830
2000-2010 Annual Rate0.50%
2010-2012 Annual Rate0.32%
2012-2017 Annual Rate0.48%
2012 Male Population50.2%
2012 Female Population49.8%
2012 Median Age33.7
In the identified area, the current year population is 177,542. In 2010, the Census count in the area was 176,263. The rate of change since 2010 was 0.32% annually. The five-year projection for the population in the area is 181,830 representing a change of 0.48% annually from 2012 to 2017. Currently, the population is 50.2% male and 49.8% female.

Median Age

The median age in this area is 33.7, compared to U.S. median age of 37.3.


2000 Households61,662
2010 Households64,264
2012 Total Households64,894
2017 Total Households66,164
2000-2010 Annual Rate0.41%
2010-2012 Annual Rate0.43%
2012-2017 Annual Rate0.39%
2012 Average Household Size2.68
The household count in this area has changed from 64,264 in 2010 to 64,894 in the current year, a change of 0.43% annually. The five-year projection of households is 66,164, a change of 0.39% annually from the current year total. Average household size is currently 2.68, compared to 2.68 in the year 2010. The number of families in the current year is 43,981 in the specified area.

Race and Ethnicity

2012 White Alone73.2%
2012 Black Alone6.5%
2012 American Indian/Alaska Native Alone1.1%
2012 Asian Alone3.5%
2012 Pacific Islander Alone0.1%
2012 Other Race12.7%
2012 Two or More Races2.9%
2012 Hispanic Origin (Any Race)37.4%
Persons of Hispanic origin represent 37.4% of the population in the identified area compared to 16.9% of the U.S. population. Persons of Hispanic Origin may be of any race. The Diversity Index, which measures the probability that two people from the same area will be from different race/ethnic groups, is 71.2 in the identified area, compared to 61.4 for the U.S. as a whole.

Median Household Income

2012 Median Household Income$36,745
2017 Median Household Income$42,814
2012-2017 Annual Rate3.10%

Average Household Income

2012 Average Household Income$49,683
2017 Average Household Income$55,099
2012-2017 Annual Rate2.09%

Per Capita Income

2012 Per Capita Income$18,685
2017 Per Capita Income$20,580
2012-2017 Annual Rate1.95%

Households by Income

Current median household income is $36,745 in the area, compared to $50,157 for all U.S. households. Median household income is projected to be $42,814 in five years, compared to $56,895 for all U.S. households

Current average household income is $49,683 in this area, compared to $68,162 for all U.S households. Average household income is projected to be $55,099 in five years, compared to $77,137 for all U.S. households

Current per capita income is $18,685 in the area, compared to the U.S. per capita income of $26,409. The per capita income is projected to be $20,580 in five years, compared to $29,882 for all U.S. households


2000 Total Housing Units68,886
2000 Owner Occupied Housing Units41,298
2000 Owner Occupied Housing Units20,364
2000 Vacant Housing Units7,224
2010 Total Housing Units72,240
2010 Owner Occupied Housing Units40,969
2010 Renter Occupied Housing Units23,295
2010 Vacant Housing Units7,976
2012 Total Housing Units73,059
2012 Owner Occupied Housing Units40,592
2012 Renter Occupied Housing Units24,302
2012 Vacant Housing Units8,165
2017 Total Housing Units
2017 Owner Occupied Housing Units41,858
2017 Renter Occupied Housing Units24,306
2017 Vacant Housing Units8,380
Currently, 55.6% of the 73,059 housing units in the area are owner occupied; 33.3%, renter occupied; and 11.2% are vacant. Currently, in the U.S., 56.5% of the housing units in the area are owner occupied; 32.1% are renter occupied; and 11.4% are vacant. In 2010, there were 72,240 housing units in the area - 56.7% owner occupied, 32.2% renter occupied, and 11.0% vacant. The annual rate of change in housing units since 2010 is 0.50%. Median home value in the area is $95,786, compared to a median home value of $167,749 for the U.S. In five years, median value is projected to change by 2.61% annually to $108,976.
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